Transient Materialization | Developing a method of robotic concrete 3D-printing

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The development of additive manufacturing (AM), also known as 3D-printing technology, has led to rethinking the design process followed by the traditional and standardized manufacturing, and has opened new possibilities for crafting objects. This project challenges the current method of developing a formwork, which is used as a mold in concrete building construction. Unlike the standardized formwork system, which either builds the molds on the side or prefabricates them in a factory using timber, plywood, or metal, this research project develops a computational workflow for a 3D-printed formwork for concrete construction by using an industrial robotic arm, a custom end effector, and printing equipment. The project not only emphasizes the development of large-scale architectural components, but it also explores new form expressions that are generated and shaped through the movement of the robotic arm, the fabrication devices, and the chosen material (fluid mixture). More specifically, this design research challenges free-form surface generation, and analyses their formation process by utilizing concrete materials through the robotic additive manufacturing technique (layer-by-layer deposition). The project involves examining different printing strategies, material behavior, and the limit of self-supporting angles of the printed object. The following work was produced together with students from the Yulin University of Science and Technology, Tamkang, Chiao-Tung, and Tunghai universities during a 10-day workshop (RESONANCE) in Taiwan.

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Collaborators:
Shih-Yuan Wang, Yu-Ting Sheng, Florian Frank, Georg Breitenberger, Yi-Chu Shih

Credits:
IDF | Yulin University of Science and Technology
TACO ABB

Students:
Chang-You Lin, Chia-Hunag Lee, Shu-Chuan Yao, Tse-Wei Lin, Yi-Chia Hsu, You-Wen Ji, Shinjirob Koyaman, Zong-Ru Wu, Chung-An Huang, William Olman